The United States also has its ups and downs, but definitely remains the world’s leading economy. They have industrial supremacy in many sectors (chemicals, technology, nuclear power, electrical engineering, information technology, and research). The tremendous employment opportunities in all fields, the myriad of top sectors, and a highly meritocratic system result in hundreds of thousands of people seeking some form of opportunity to work in the US each year.
To work in the U.S., you must apply for a visa for a temporary job or internship. You must first find an employer or sponsor who is willing to hire you. Once you find them, you will need to apply for a visa, make an appointment, and interview at a U.S. consulate in your country.
If you decide to apply for one of these visas, organize everything in advance and buy the airline tickets only after you have received the visa. The ticket is not needed at the time of the interview. You will wait for your employer or sponsor to file Form I-129 or DS -2019, and then you can fill out the visa application.
United States Immigration Service
On the website of the United States Department of Immigration,you will find all the information about visas and moving to the United States.
Work in the US, visas
We focus on the most commonly used visas (temporary U.S. work visas), non-immigrant visas.
J-1 visa for those who wish to participate in U.S. Department-sponsored cultural exchange programs, including paid summer jobs for young people up to age 30, 12-month internships for undergraduate or graduate students, professional internships of 18 months or more for young professionals, au pair programs for recent college graduates up to age 26, and many others. To obtain this visa, you must find a sponsor and prove that you have enough money to support yourself during your stay.
H-1B visa for skilled foreign workers. This visa allows U.S. employers to hire foreign workers with certain qualifications (scientific, medical, technical, legal, financial, etc.). One of the few non-immigrant visas that can be used to apply for a green card. Highly skilled workers with good English skills have the best chance of getting a job in the United States. Remember that a maximum number of visas can be issued each year. So if more applications are submitted, which is often the case, a lottery will be held in April.
H-2A visa, for temporary or seasonal agricultural workers. This visa allows U.S. employers to hire foreign workers for temporary agricultural jobs.
H-2B visa, for temporary or seasonal nonagricultural workers. This visa allows U.S. employers to hire foreign workers for temporary nonagricultural jobs.
H-3 visa, for interns (not for medical or academic purposes). This visa allows you to enter the United States to complete a professional internship in many fields ( except medicine).
Work in US, most in-demand jobs
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the highest paying jobs in the United States are those related to IT and engineering. The most in-demand jobs with the best prospects for the future are the following:
- engineering: mechanical, electrical, etc.
- healthcare: nurses and health care workers
- hospitality: cooks
- financial sector: accountants, tax consultants
- IT sector: software developers, project managers, cybersecurity, etc.
- retail sector: retailers, customer service representatives and marketing professionals
- administration sector: secretaries and administrative assistants
Working in USA, how to find a sponsor
To find a sponsor and then apply for a work visa, you can use the following options:
1. Linkedin, try to build a network of connections to your professional field and find a sponsor.
2. Employment Offices, the employment offices spread all over the country can be a way to find a job. However, you cannot use them until you are in the United States.
3. Job search websites
- Jobbydoo, very popular website
- Dice, IT job listing
- Carrerbuilder, job offers divided by category, city and company
4. Seasonal jobs
Between June and September you will find employment opportunities. During this time you can find employment in amusement parks, hotels, health resorts, and farms.
- Camp America, agency with vacancies in American summer camps
- ITS Plus, summer camp job openings
- Cool Work, seasonal job openings in all US states
5. Employment agencies
- Hays, very popular employment agency in the US
- Micael Page, another widely used agency
- List of agencies, in the United States
Volunteer, contains all volunteer opportunities in the United States. Usually the B-1 visa is suitable for volunteers, in any case it is advisable to check with the appropriate consulate.
Your CV and cover letter must be written according to the Anglo-Saxon model. If your CV is of interest to a company, you may be invited to one or more interviews via Skype.
Finally, I’d like to point out Dol, the US Department of Labour website.